Treatment of Anxiety Disorders

One of the greatest achievements of modern psychology is the development of new effective methods for the treatment of anxiety disorders. Many people discover their own effective ways to cope with anxiety, for example, even breathing, relaxation, yoga.

 

self-help

Patients suffering from anxiety disorders, first of all, must learn to control the physiological symptoms of anxiety. There are two methods: relaxing the muscles and controlling the breathing (relaxation techniques in the Phobia article >>). This facilitates anxiety, helps to fall asleep, reduces pain from muscle tension. Training in muscle relaxation is a gradual process that requires daily exercise. This method has long been used successfully in the treatment of anxiety disorders and is an effective method in managing anxiety.

The next step in fighting anxiety is deep, even breathing (but not hyperventilation). Breathing exercises are an effective way to control the physical symptoms of a panic attack.

 

Psychotherapy

Cognitive therapy has proven to be extremely effective in the treatment of anxiety disorders. Anxiety can take the form of pessimistic thoughts, images and fantasies, from which it is difficult to get rid of. Together with the therapist, the patient analyzes and reformulates these thoughts, then gives them a more optimistic meaning. Therapy is aimed at teaching the patients to worry positively, to perceive events more realistically, to prove incompatibility of negative thoughts with facts.

 

Addiction therapy is a method in which patients are repeatedly exposed to what causes fear in them. Treatment begins with simple tasks, gradually the exercises become more complicated. This is repeated until the patient has lost a sense of anxiety in a particular situation. Using this method, 80-90% of specific phobias are cured.

 

Drug therapy

Pharmacotherapy is needed only in severe cases of anxiety disorders and should not be the only method of treatment. Medications can not be used as a permanent treatment, but only when it is necessary to alleviate some of the symptoms of a panic disorder.

Drugs used to treat panic disorder include:

Antidepressants – Maprotilinum, Mianserinum, Milnacipranum, Mirtazapinum, Moclobemidum, Paroxetinum, Pippinfezinum, Pirinindolum, Sertralinum, Tianeptinum ), Trazodone (Trazodonum), Fluvoxamine (Fluvoxaminum), Fluoxetine (Fluoxetinum). Oni nachinayut deystvovaty tolyko cherez neskolyko NEDELYO, poetomu gee need prinimaty constantly, not tolyko st Vremya sharpness needs.

 

Benzodiazepines – Diazepam, Clonazepam, Noozepam, Frizium, Lorazepam. It, in the majority, calming or abirritating preparations which very quickly act (how a rule, for 15-30 minutes). Adopt the medication for a period of time to treat the symptoms as a symptom. However, benzodiazepines are very dangerous. You will be able to find and manage your withdrawal symptoms (withdrawal, drug use), and you will be able to get the most out of the way and get the best out of the way.

 

Phytotherapy

Peppermint – especially useful when in a panic situation there are problems with the stomach.

Straw of oats – has the properties of an antidepressant, gently tones and protects against overloading the nervous system.

Chamomile flowers are good not only for the digestive system, they also relax and soothe.

Lavender flowers – the extract is ideal for aromatherapy, relieves headaches, relieves depression and tension.

Lime flowers – the broth has an antispasmodic and sedative effect; stabilizes the pressure, which can be increased by anxiety.

Passionflower is one of the best natural sedatives. It is especially recommended when there is insomnia.

Melissa – soothes nerves, relieves headache, cheers up and energizes.

Valerian – helps to fight with panic attacks, facilitates breathing and sleep, relieves muscle spasms and headaches caused by anxiety.

Cones of hops – from fatigue and nervousness, excessive irritability and excitability, mood disorders and difficulties with falling asleep.

 

 

Post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is a reaction to past events that were very hard to resist (death or serious trauma (own or loved one and other tragic experiences)).

The patient, as a rule, is haunted by recurrent obsessive memories. It can be nightmares, the feeling that the event once again happened (delirium, hallucinations, memories), and other inappropriate physiological reactions to imaginary events. Such a person is too excited, hardly falls asleep, has difficulty concentrating, sensitive, inclined to outbursts of anger.

 

Acute stress disorder – a prerequisite for its occurrence is a psychotraumatic situation. Nevertheless, there are several significant differences from PTSD. The patient is deprived of emotional reactions (emotionally flattened), feels that the environment is unreal, like a dream, perceives his own body as something alien or sees himself as another person. In a consequence, a disease such as dissociative amnesia may develop.

The main feature of panic disorder is the emergence of panic attacks. Panic attack occurs unexpectedly, quickly brings the patient to a state of terror. It lasts from a few minutes to an hour, accompanied by shortness of breath, dizziness or fainting, palpitations, tremor, stomach upset or nausea, numbness in the extremities, hot flashes or chills, pain or chest tightness, fear of death or loss of control.

 

Acute stress disorder – a prerequisite for its occurrence is a psychotraumatic situation. Nevertheless, there are several significant differences from PTSD. The patient is deprived of emotional reactions (emotionally flattened), feels that the environment is unreal, like a dream, perceives his own body as something alien or sees himself as another person. In a consequence, a disease such as dissociative amnesia may develop.

The main feature of panic disorder is the emergence of panic attacks. Panic attack occurs unexpectedly, quickly brings the patient to a state of terror. It lasts from a few minutes to an hour, accompanied by shortness of breath, dizziness or fainting, palpitations, tremors, stomach upset or nausea, numbness in the extremities, hot flashes or chills, pain or chest tightness, fear of death or loss of control.

 

Generalized anxiety disorder – in contrast to panic attacks, is characterized by the fact that the disease is chronic and can last for several months. Patients are not able to relax, easily get tired, have difficulty concentrating, are irritable, live in constant fear, have difficulty in making decisions, are very afraid of making a mistake, are always tense and irritated. This disorder reduces self-confidence and lowers one’s self-esteem in the patient. Many of these patients are dependent on the opinions of others, often feel inferior, have a deep conviction that they are not able to change everything for the better.

 

Compulsive compulsive disorder – an important feature of this disease are repetitive, non sequential, not desirable and uncontrollable (compulsive) obsessions or ideas that penetrate the patient’s mind and are difficult to get rid of. The most frequent of them are concern with dirt and microbes, fear of getting sick or catching an infection. The life of such a person is full of certain rituals, for example: frequent washing of hands, cleaning, prayers. These actions are, in a way, a response to obsessive thoughts and their goal is to protect themselves from anxiety. Most of those who suffer from obsessive-compulsive disorder are also depressed.

Prevention of anxiety disorders

When it comes to anxiety disorder, professional treatment and therapy are of great importance. But there are preventive measures that you can take to help yourself and prevent the development of the disease:

Learn more about anxiety disorders, if it happens you will know the symptoms, take control of the situation, avoid unexpected sensations, quickly recover from stress.

Avoid frequent use of coffee, smoking cigarettes. Nicotine and caffeine can provoke anxiety disorder in susceptible people. Also, be careful with medications that contain stimulants (diet pills, colds).

Learn how to control your breathing. Deep breathing can relieve the symptoms of panic. Having learned to control your breathing, you will develop a skill that you can use to calm yourself.

Use relaxation techniques. With regular application, exercises such as yoga, meditation, and muscle relaxation will help strengthen the body.

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